New structures being built need to abide by certain building codes and bylaws.  The size, type and location of the new structure dictate the specific requirements.

The National Research Council of Canada (NRC) publishes five National Model Construction Codes, and they are on an approximate 5 year cycle.

  1. National building code (NBC) addresses the design and construction of new buildings.
  • The NBC is concerned with health, safety, accessibility and the protection of buildings from fire or structural damage.
  • The NBC is an objective-based code which provides additional information that helps proponents and regulators determine the minimum performance that must be achieved
  1. National Fire Code of Canada (NFC) provides minimum fire safety requirements for buildings
  2. National Plumbing Code (NPC) covers the design and installation of plumbing systems
  3. National Energy Code of Canada for Buildings (NECB) provides minimum energy efficiency requirements for the design and construction of all new buildings
  4. National Farm Building Code (NFBC) provides relaxations of the requirements in the NBC to address the particular needs of farm buildings

The provinces then adopt these codes (with or without changes) and issue to the public.

The NRC continually works on updating and improving the codes and have regular processes where stakeholders have opportunity for review and input before the next code is published.

What do building code changes mean for Shane Homes’ customers?  It means that they will take possession of a home that is up-to-date with processes and requirements generally based on construction practices and safety concerns.

There are several different levels/sections of the code and they relate to the type of building from garages to single family homes to multi-family units and into commercial buildings and high rises.


Bylaws are unique to each Municipality and although they do not generally affect the building code, they do add additional requirements. Some of these would be:

  1. Lot size:  lot coverage bylaws dictate what size of home can be built on a lot
  2. Bylaw setback requirement from property lines on the front, rear and side of the home, all affect the size of the home which can be built on a lot
  3. Building height by-laws are individual to lot zoning and/or type of structure and will affect the design of a building
  4. By-laws will designate all property types and these will have specific building requirements

Bylaws affect how the code items are applied to an individual home or building.

Our Shane Homes customers don’t need to worry about bylaws and codes as our experienced staff make sure our homes are constructed in accordance with all governing bylaws and codes.


Blog by Lyle Faas, Drafting & Design Manager